Higher education in Wallonia-Brussels

The Bologna Process and the European Higher Education Area

The Bologna Process integrated higher education systems across Europe and resulted in the creation the 48-nation European Higher Education Area (EHEA) in 2010.

As part of the Area, the Wallonia-Brussels Federation is committed to guaranteeing high-quality higher education, promoting student mobility, furthering internationalisation, and broadening access to higher education.

Studying in the Wallonia-Brussels Federation will open doors to studying in other European countries where your qualifications will be readily recognised and, eventually, will give you access to the whole European job market.

ECTS credits = the achievement measuring system in the EHEA = the unit of value.


For more information about the European Higher Education Area and about the « Bologna Process » that paved the way for its creation, please consult the Web site www.ehea.info.
The landscape and organisation of higher education in the Wallonia-Brussels Federation is defined in the Decree of 7 November 2013.
To view the Landscape Decree of 7 November 2013, click here (available only in French).


Higher education institutions

Higher Education Institutions in the Wallonia-Brussels Federation have three objectives: teaching, research and serving the community.

Higher education studies are organized in three sorts of institution:

  • universities,
  • university colleges,
  • arts colleges.

The universities, university colleges and arts colleges all award Bachelor, Master and Doctorate degrees corresponding to three cycles of studies and a specified number of ECTS credits.

The great wealth of higher education in the Wallonia-Brussels Federation lies in the diversity of the offer. Students have the opportunity of following courses organised in a single cycle (meeting specific vocational goals and leading to the award of a Bachelor's degree) or organised in two cycles (combining both general and specialised training, based on research results) in 26 fields grouped into four areas:

Human and Social Sciences

  1. Philosophy
  2. Theology
  3. Languages, Literature and Translation Studies
  4. History, Art History and Archaeology
  5. Information and communication
  6. Politics and Sociology
  7. Law
  8. Criminology
  9. Economics and Management
  10. Psychology and Education


  1. Medicine
  2. Veterinary Science
  3. Dentistry
  4. Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy
  5. Public Health
  6. Motor skills

Science and Technology

  1. Sciences
  2. Agriculture and Biological Engineering
  3. Engineering and Technology
  4. Building and planning


  1. Art and Art Sciences
  2. Fine, visual and spatial arts
  3. Music
  4. Theatre and dramatic arts
  5. Performing arts and broadcasting and communication technologies
  6. Dance