Organisation of studies

The organization of the academic year

Exams take place at the end of the 1st and 2nd term.
You have the option to re-sit exams for which you did not obtain a satisfactory grade or which you did not sit, at an additional exams session in the 3rd term.

Success or failure is determined by credits awarded for each unit of learning. The credits at stake are automatically awarded for marks of 10/20 or higher. However, if this threshold is not reached, the panel may still decide to award the associated credits if the deficit is acceptable when considered alongside all other results.

The ECTS credits

Each teaching module within a curriculum is counted as an ECTS credit. A credit in Wallonia-Brussels corresponds to a flat rate of 30 hours of learning activities (lectures, practical work, individual work, group work, projects, documentary research, internships, etc.) at the end of which time the student must have acquired knowledge, specific skills and abilities.

The credits in Wallonia-Brussels are compatible with the European ECTS system, thus ensuring the recognition of credits earned by the student during stints at partner higher education institutions in Europe.

A year of study generally corresponds to 60 ECTS credits. Once an exam has been passed (with a grade of at least 10/20), the credits for this course are acquired permanently, regardless of the overall average.


Language of instruction

In Wallonia-Brussels, the language of instruction and assessment of higher education studies is French, which is why a good command of the language is required in most fields of study.

  • During 1st and 2nd cycle studies (Bachelor and Master), some courses may however be dispensed and assessed in another language, usually English.
  • Some courses can be taught and assessed entirely in English or another foreign language (German, Dutch): this is particularly true of Advanced Bachelors and Advanced Masters but also some other courses that meet specific criteria. Knowledge of French is therefore not required to enrol in these programmes.
  • Students who have not had the opportunity to learn French but who speak English without difficulty can easily study for a doctorate. Once in the region, they can learn rudimentary French.

The list of courses taught fully or partially in English in the Wallonia-Brussels Federation is available on our website via the search engine "courses".

There are no overall rules for registering for a Masters degree. Every institution is free to set its own admissions criteria in terms of proficiency in French.
We advise you to get in touch with the registration service at your chosen higher education institution to find out its own requirements.

In general, B2 level in the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) is required.
Sufficient level = Competent user (B2)