What is scientific research in French-speaking Belgium?
In French-speaking Belgium (Wallonia-Brussels), scientific research is an area that is shared by the federal state, regions and communities. In practical terms, two types of higher education institutions are in charge of research:
- Universities, which assure basic scientific research (community competence). Please also note that PhD researcher training lies exclusively with universities and university academies.
- University colleges, which deal with applied research (regional competence). Additionally, since 2019, university colleges can now submit applications for financing for research projects using the FRHE (University college research financing) scheme.
How is scientific research funded in French-speaking Belgium?
To support research, Belgium relies on five different sources of financing:
- the operating allowance for universities, of which approximately one quarter is assigned to research;
- the special research fund (FSR);
- the concerted research actions (ARC);
- subsidies granted to the Fund for Scientific Research (F.R.S. – FNRS), to the FRIA and associated funds;
- sundry grants assigned directly to researchers or teams for research activities or the dissemination of scientific knowledge; or assigned to other institutions, such as, for example, the Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique.
Each of these financing lines benefits two main types of stakeholders: universities and the Fund for Scientific Research.